I will try to answer your questions:
1: I read in the memoirs of either Lennart or his cousin Sigvard that after the accession to the throne of Gustav VI Adolf the king felt a bit embarresed to have two sons and one nephew styled plain mr Bernadotte. As the grandduke of Luxemburg hade enobled prince Oskar of Sweden in the 1890ies (he was a maternal uncle of that prince) after he lost his successionrights because of an unequal marriage the new king turned to Luxemburg again. I don´t know how close the two families were in 1951 but probably quite close. There is a difference thoug: prince Oscar was allowed to use the title prince (not of Sweden) but prince Bernadotte. His children were "only" counts/countesses of Wisborg. But lennart, Sigvard and Carl Johan were never styled prince Bernadotte, just counts of Wisborg. At least in Sweden! Prince Carl jr who lost his place in the succession in 1937 when marrying Elsa von Rosen was created prince Bernadotte but by his belgian brother in law king Leopold III.
2: Yes, as I wrote abowe, it was an initiative from the king.
3: At court Lennart, Sigvard and Carl Johan were styled and treated as counts of Wisborg after 1951. Members of the kings family but not the royal house. Sigvard pushed for having his princely titel aknowledged in the 1980ies but King Carl Gustaf said now. There were some strained relations after that. I guess the king would not do it because of prince Bertil who had sacrificed much of his personal happines and not married his Lilian until 1976 when rules were less strict. Bertil remained HRH prince of Sweden and Lilian became an HRH princess. In 1983 Sigvard started to call himself Prince Sigvard Bernadotte but this was not officially sanctioned by the king.
You are right about the unintroduced nobility. They have their own organisation and their own "peerage". In the swedish house of nobility - Riddarhuset - the membership is restricted to families enobled by swedish monarchs or families introduced centuries ago. The members of the unintroduced nobility are mainly from familes who emmigrated to Sweden in the 20th century. (Russian emigrés, east prussian nobilty, hungarian families, romanians etc)
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