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Re: Hereditary Prince
I know that this is a title reserved for the heir-apparent to a principality (e.g. Monaco and Liechtenstein). Similarly, the heir-apparent to a grand duchy (e.g. Luxembourg) is the Hereditary Grand Duke.
My question is: can the title Hereditary Prince also designate somebody who is second and direct in succession to a kingdom? The present Swedish king's father, for instance, was the eldest son of the crown prince, when in 1947 he was tragically killed in a plane crash. I believe he was actually styled as HRH The Hereditary Prince of Sweden -- correct? Or perhaps I'm mistaken?
If so, has it been unique to Sweden, or is it universal? I know that Prussia at one point also had several direct heirs to the throne living. And on the Franco-Iberian board, I brought up mention of some French kings who also had two or more direct heirs born within their lifetimes. But of course, the Crown Prince title has never been used in France. So I would imagine the same could be said of Hereditary Prince.
I think that the reason why the current Swedish King's father was called Hereditary Prince (Arvprins) Gustaf Adolf was to separate him from his father, Crown Prince Gustaf Adolf. Princess Estelle is not called Hereditary Princess, even though she is the Crown Princess' oldest child.