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Re: Hereditary Prince
The younger brother of King Fredrik IX of Denmark was known as Hereditary Prince Knud. He was for many years the next in line to the throne, until the law was changed in 1953 to allow Frederik´s daughter Margrethe to succeed. I'm not certain whether the Hereditary prince title was official in Denmark, but he was known as such from the change in succession until his death (in 1976, after his niece had succeeded to the throne), and his wife was known as Hereditary Princess until her death in 1995.
I know that this is a title reserved for the heir-apparent to a principality (e.g. Monaco and Liechtenstein). Similarly, the heir-apparent to a grand duchy (e.g. Luxembourg) is the Hereditary Grand Duke.
My question is: can the title Hereditary Prince also designate somebody who is second and direct in succession to a kingdom? The present Swedish king's father, for instance, was the eldest son of the crown prince, when in 1947 he was tragically killed in a plane crash. I believe he was actually styled as HRH The Hereditary Prince of Sweden -- correct? Or perhaps I'm mistaken?
If so, has it been unique to Sweden, or is it universal? I know that Prussia at one point also had several direct heirs to the throne living. And on the Franco-Iberian board, I brought up mention of some French kings who also had two or more direct heirs born within their lifetimes. But of course, the Crown Prince title has never been used in France. So I would imagine the same could be said of Hereditary Prince.