Emma in the final days of her husband's life and than for eight years until her daughter had reached the age of 18 years old and Juliana twice between the end of WWII and her own accession. Both times because Wilhelmina's health required someone stepping in and taking over.
Those four regencies were the only ones required in the Dutch monarchy since it was established in 1814.
Yes we are heading towards our fourth female sovereign but we are just 7,5 years in the reign of our fourth male sovereign and Amalia is not expected to take over in several decades. Im guessing the same thing applies to Spain where king Felipe VI is still very much et work establishing his reign.
In Norway the current sovereign is still male and so is his heir. Only the next in line is a female but she won't be on the throne for possibly 30 or 40 years.
In Denmark, Luxembourg and Liechtenstein the heir and his heir are male. In Monaco the first in line is male as well, as he is still a child it's too soon to tell what his line will be. In the UK the heir, his heir and his oldest son are all male meaning there are still a number of male heirs in Europe.
the former reigning dynasties are mostly male line still.
In France and Germany most families stick to male line succession as they do in Austria, Hungary, Bohemia etc.
In Greece the heir and his heir are male.
In Italy it depends on who you support and what changes you accept.
In the various former reigning dynasties within Italy the same.
As for Romania, the curatrix and her heiress are female but we might very well see the heiress' son living in Romania becoming the heir after his mother. His sister does not seem too interested.
In Montenegro and Albania there are only male line specified successions and no changes have been made.
In Serbia there is a male line in existence from Alexander to Peter, his brother and than his son.
Russia is a tricky one as we don't know what will happen after Maria Wladimirovna and Georgy Michaelovich.
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