There were regional differences and different traditions, so it was (and very complicated). But the point is that Danes never really have had a strong concept of the father's name taking presidence (as patronymics were not 100% surnames).
After 1856 some families started to use their former "family names" as second first names. So rather than Jens Jensen Lund you would be Jens Lund Jensen (Jensen, Jens Lund) and still be informally known as Jens Lund. And Lund could be the "family name" of both Jens'father and mother. If the father's family did not have a "nickname" Jens would often get his mother's family's nickname. Both in the country side and towns.
In 1961, the concept of "middle names" was introduced, giving a special status to the "semi-surname". And it became easier for Jens Lund Jensen to remove Jensen and be officially named Jens Lund.
It is this mechanism Birgitte van Deurs used in 1966. Her parents gave her VD as her "Middle name" because they wanted to keep the link with the mother's much more interesting name.
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