Around 722 B.C., the Assyrians invaded and destroyed the northern kingdom of Israel. In 568 B.C., the Babylonians conquered Jerusalem and destroyed the first temple, which was replaced by a second temple in about 516 B.C.
For the next several centuries, the land of modern-day Israel was conquered and ruled by various groups, including the Persians, Greeks, Romans, Arabs, Fatimids, Seljuk Turks, Crusaders, Egyptians, Mamelukes, Islamists and others.
From 1517 to 1917, Israel, along with much of the Middle East, was ruled by the Ottoman Empire.
When World War I ended in 1918 with an Allied victory, the 400-year Ottoman Empire rule ended, and Great Britain took control over what became known as Palestine (modern-day Israel, Palestine and Jordan).
The British controlled Palestine until Israel, in the years following the end of World War II, became an independent state in 1947.
Following the announcement of an independent Israel, five Arab nations—Egypt, Jordan, Iraq, Syria, and Lebanon—immediately invaded the region in what became known as the 1948 Arab-Israeli War.
Many more wars and constant attacks against Israel have been made by various Arab countries and terrorist organizations since 1948.
Israel captured the Gaza Strip from Egypt in the Six-Day War in 1967. In 2005, Israel withdrew from the Gaza Strip under their unilateral disengagement plan. They made all Israelis living there leave their homes and relocate elsewhere, and left all the infrastructure they had built in the previous 40 years. Once Gaza was under Palestinian leadership, they began to attack Israel from there, and they are still doing it up til today. Witness the 600 rocket attacks of the past few days. That is what has happened since Israel gave the Palestinians land for peace.
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