Re: Swedish example
User logged in as Eleonore
Thanks for the clarification.
The age when heirs to the throne would become eligible to ascend without a regent was lowered to 18 again with the new constitution 1975. Since the King lost his formal power then, I guess there was no longer any reason why a new Monarch couldn't act without a regent when he/she reached the age of 18.
Many years ago there was an article in, I think, Dutch magazine Vorsten that also mentioned the age when heirs to the throne would become eligible to ascend without a regent.
It was stated, IIRC, that in Sweden the age was 25 while in other monarchies the age was 18.
But I am not entirely sure anymore.
It hasn't come up yet in any European monarchy, but if it does arise, I think it will be generally accepted that in the twenty-first century, when so many young people continue with their education through their early twenties, having a monarch assume the full responsibility of reigning at 18 or even 21 is no longer reasonable in most cases.
I wonder if provision might be made in such a situation for the person who would be regent in the case of minority or incapacity to be lieutenant representative, as has been done in Luxembourg for monarchs who have retired from day to day duties but not yet abdicated. I think Hereditary Prince Alois might have had a similar status for several years before becoming full regent of Liechtenstein. (If he even is that; I'm not entirely clear.
The advantage of a transitional arrangement like this for a young adult monarch would be that s/he could gradually take on more duties (perhaps starting with just one or two of the big annual "set piece" events) until coming into full sovereignty at age 23 or 25 or whatever has been agreed upon.
Amalia could force the government by stating she is incapable of taking on the duties as monarch. In that case the government would have to make an act of regency and put it to the vote in Parliament. Amalia could suggest her mother but cannot decide who is picked. Even though her mother would be the most likely individual.
I do not think this is something the Princess has thought up herself. I remember in the early 1980's Queen Beatrix and Prince Claus being in favour of raising the age of maturity for the crown from 18 to 21 or even 25. As the age of becoming an adult in all other cases had been lowered to 18 years of age the government did not want to introduce such a change to the constitution.
I might be wrong but i would not be surprised if the idea of a young monarch asking for a regency for a few years might very well have been thought up by either Van Agt or Lubbers the two first PM's of Beatrix' reign. It's the kind of practical solution either one of them could have come up with.
Not entirely true Johan.
Yes, Princess Amalia could ask her mother to become Regent for the time being if called onto the throne now, but she can't make that decision on herself.
The government would need to send a bill to that effect to the parliament and the parliament would have to vote on it, allowing Queen Maxima to be a regent for her daughter for a fixed period of time (f.e. until the 25th birthday of The Queen (Amalia)).
It is not something Princess Amalia and her mother can decide for themselves.
A regency can either be declared if the monarch is incapacitated and needs someone to step in or in the worst case if the monarch dies and the successor is still under age. The Princess of Orange who just turned 18 last month seems to have indicated that a third option would be possible: if she had to succeed while she is still studying she would ask her mother to act as regent in case the King was to die.
Basically the heir or heiress to the crown once adult it generally the first person to be called upon if the monarch needs a regent. If the monarch is a minor than it can be either the remaining parent who steps in as regent or a/the first grown up in line of succession.
Both have happend. Until Amalia turned 18 her mother was the first to be regent if the princess were to succeed upon the death of her father will still being under age. Uncle Constantijn was named as a second option in case something were to happen not just to the King but also to Queen Maxima.
A similar arrangement was in place between 1980 and 1985 during the minority of the current monarch. His father prince Claus would have become regent with aunt princess Margriet as a replacement.
In Norway, Sweden, the UK, Denmark, Belgium, Luxembourg and Liechtenstein the successors to the currently reigning monarchs are all grown ups. Only in Spain and Monaco is the first in line of succession still too young to succeed and take on the role themselves.
I believe in Spain Queen Letizia would be regent but i might be wrong and i suspect that Princess Caroline seems te most likely option as regent in Monaco in case something were to happen to the sovereign prince before prince Jacques turns 18.
In the Netherlands the Princess of Orange is the person who would become regent in case the King was unable to attend to his duties for more than a few weeks however if she were to succeed by the death of her father she could ask her mother to step in as regent for a few years to give her time to prepare. Let's hope neither scenario will ever be needed.
Generally, what are the circumstances for declaring a regency?
Underage of the next sovereign (D.Pedro V, Wilhelmina, Alfonso XIII), health problems, physicall (IIRC there was a blind duke of Brunswick and I am not speaking of George V of Hannover) or mental (George III, Maria I, Ludwig II), political reasons (Pr.Charles of Belgium after Leopold III's abdication)
Prior to her husband's death did Queen Elizabeth have plans in place for such an event?
Yes, she did.
Do other monarchs, please?
If they have minor children, they usually do.
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