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Re: French noble titles
User logged in as Johan
There has been discussion if the French state did not confer the title of Duchess of Valentinois to Charlotte Grimaldi when they signed the treaty accepting her as heiress after her father. In that case there could have been a new creation in 1919 but it could also be regarded as accepting a foreign (Monegask) title.
Hereditary titles were restored by decree in 1852 and have not been abolished by any subsequent law. However, since 1875 the President of the Republic neither confers nor confirms French titles, but the French state still verifies them. Civil courts can protect them and criminal courts can prosecute their abuse.