At the start of his reign Willem III was expected to abdicate as soon as his son was old enough but we did not get a Willem IV. Instead Willem III outlived all three sons of his first marriage and as neither Wiwill nor his youngest brother Alexander ever married and the second son Maurits died as a child no heirs from that line existed.
Willem III had remarried and with his second wife he had a young daughter. Once she became the heiress to the throne in 1884 a regency bill was needed in case her father would die before she turned 18. As there were no men in the family outside the King they looked at the husband of his first cousin HRH princess Marie of the Netherlands: prince Wilhelm von Wied. However it was decided that Queen Emma might be preferable so she became the regent. First for her husband and later for their daughter.
When Queen Wilhelmina gave birth to her only child Juliana a new regency bill was needed. In this it was not Juliana's father Hendrik but her grandmother Emma who was named as regent in case Juliana would succeed before she turned 18. It was explained by stating that Emma had the experience to do the job.
When Juliana and Beatrix succeeded both had a their oldest child as first in line of succession and both were under 18. In these cases it was the husband of the Queen who was named as regent in case the heiress/heir would succeed before they turned 18.
The current Princess of Orange turns 18 in december and the regency bill drawn up for her is rather specific. Only if she succeeds because of her father's death does her mother Queen Maxima become regent and in case Maxima is not available her uncle prince Constantijn will be regent.
But in the case of Catharina-Amalia succeeding to the throne because of her father abdicating there is no provision. A new regency bill will be needed to be passed in that scenario.
An adult monarch can require a regent if the monarch is unable to perform the duties that are part of the role. Both Willem III and Wilhelmina had regents at the end of their reign. For Willem his wife was appointed but for Wilhelmina it was automatic. If the first in line of succession is an adult that person is the constitutional regent. The duties of the monarch can for a short period be administered before a regent is required though.
Personally i can see advantages in making the remaining parent the legal guardian but nominating the first adult heir(ess) in line of succession to be regent.
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