Two reigning English queen consorts died in childbirth:
Elizabeth of York, wife of Henry VII, died in 1503 shortly after giving birth to her 8th child, a daughter named Catherine, who did not survive.
Jane Seymour, 3rd wife of Henry VIII, died in 1537 shortly after giving birth to the future Edward VI.
Mary de Bohun, first wife of the future Henry IV and mother of Henry V, died in 1394 after giving birth to her 6th child, a daughter named Philippa who grew up to become Queen Consort of Denmark, Sweden & Norway.
Not a reigning queen consort but Catherine Parr, 6th wife and widow of Henry VIII, died shortly after giving birth to a daughter called Mary by her subsequent husband, Thomas Seymour, brother of her predecessor, the above named Jane. Mary is not thought to have survived childhood.
I know that this doesn't happen anymore, but I was wondering about a list of royal women in the last two centuries who fell victim to this. The reason for my posting is that there have been remarkable cases of royal women surviving the births of ten more more children; yet, there have also been some who died young when trying to deliver just their first (or second, third, or fourth).
Consider how Holy Roman Empress Maria Theresia gave birth to sixteen; her daughter Maria Carolina (who became the first queen of Naples and Sicily) had seventeen; Infanta Maria Luisa of Spain (consort of Holy Roman Emperor Leopold II) had sixteen; Duchess Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (the queen consort of King George III of Great Britain) had fifteen; Duchess Charlotte Georgine of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (who married Duke Friedrich of Saxe-Hidburghausen) had twelve; Archduchess Maria Theresia of Austria-Este (queen consort of King Ludwig III of Bavaria) had thirteen; Princess Maria Amalia of Naples and Sicily (who became the queen consort of King Louis-Philippe of the French) had ten; Infanta Antonia of Portugal (second wife of Duke Roberto of Parma) had twelve; Archduchess Maria Theresa of Austria-Teschen (second wife of King Ferdinando II of Bourbon-Two Sicilies) had twelve; Princess Maria Antonietta of Bourbon-Two Sicilies (1851-1938) had twelve; and Princess Isabel of Orléans-Braganza (1911-2003) had eleven.
These women may not all have lived long; but they all survived their childbirths.
Now, by contrast, consider the following: Princess Charlotte of Wales (only legitimate child of the future King George IV of Great Britain) died in 1817 at the age of 21, from attempting to deliver her first child; Princess Alexandra of Greece and Denmark (eldest daughter of King George I of the Hellenes) died in 1891 at the age of 21, from complications involving the birth of her second child; Princess Marie Louise of Bourbon-Parma (the first wife of the future Tsar Ferdinand of the Bulgarians) died in 1899 at the age of 29, from complications involving the birth of her fourth child; Infanta Maria de las Mercedes of Spain (the first wife of Prince Carlo of Bourbon-Two Sicilies) died in 1904 at the age of 24, from complications involving the birth of her third child; Archduchess Helena of Austria-Tuscany (first wife of Philipp Albrecht, Duke of Württemberg) died in 1924 at the age of 21, from complications involving the birth of her first child.
I understand that Queen Maria Ii of Portugal also died from complications involving the birth of her last child. However, she was in her 30's, not 20's; and the said child was her eleventh. So I'm not sure if she would count, since she could theoretically have *made it* to the list of multiple childbirth survivors ...
Anyhow, I was wondering if anybody might add to the above list of young deaths in childbirth involving royal women who had nowhere near as many as those prodigious progenitors.