After the death of his only legitimate son, Henry tried to make his barons swear allegiance to his daughter Maud (also called Matilda) as heiress presumptive. However, Maud/Matilda had spent most of her life abroad (married off to the Holy Roman emperor as a child and, after his death, to the Count of Anjou, an enemy of the Normans) and had a well-founded reputation for arrogance and aloofness so, after the King's death, most of the barons reneged on their promises and threw their support behind one of their own, Henry's nephew Stephen of Blois, who was well-known to them and deemed to be easy to manipulate, a reputation also well-founded. Civil war soon followed which culminated in the succession of Maud's son Henry, Count of Anjou and the beginning of the Plantagenet line.
Henry I did inded have an older brother still living ie. Robert II, Duke of Normandy (their father William I had divided his dominions between his two eldest sons) and he had earlier made an agreement with the middle brother, William II of England, to be each other's heirs as neither had any legitimate offspring. However, at the time of William II's mysterious death in the New Forest, Robert was away on Crusade and Henry, the youngest brother, seized the throne with little opposition. Robert later tried to invade England to press his claim but was defeated by Henry who then invaded Normandy and deposed Robert, uniting Normandy again with the English crown. Robert was imprisoned in England for the rest of his life which was a long one since he lived into his eighties predeceasing Henry I by just a year.
Correct (as stated above).
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