Pfalz. Pfalz-Zweibruken, Pf.Zweibruvken-Birkenfeld, Pfalz-Simmern, Pfalz-Neuburg, Pfalz-Sulzbach, Bavaria-Landshut, Bavaria-Straubing, Bavaria-Ingolstadt and Bavaria-Munich, not to mentione the 2 morganauts Loewnstein branches.
Each member of the family really ruled its principality/dukedom.
With the dukes IN Bavaria, AFAIK, the title was strictly honorific w/o any land to rule.
What was the reason for the creation of this title replacing the former Palatinate-Birkenfeld-Gelnhausen ?
Kings Max I Josef, Ludwig I, Max II, Ludwig III had several younger sons and neither created any special title for them ...
« Back to index