In 1707 the thrones of England and Scotland merged and became the kingdom of Great Britain. Anne reigned as the first and only queen regnant of this union in the second half of her reign (1707-14). In 1801, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland came into being with Victoria as its sole queen regnant (1837-1901). In 1922, this became the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland after the south of Ireland became independent although it wasn't officially renamed until 1927. Elizabeth II (1952-present day) is, so far, the only queen regnant of this paerticular union.