But it was Salic law that allowed Harald V to succeed his father, Olav V, despite the fact that he had two elder sisters.
Not true: even under British rules (pre-2013), Harald V would still have become king. Great Britain has never had the Salic law, and females have always had places in line to the throne. The present queen was born third in the line of succession, but was subject to displacement not only by the birth of a legitimate child to her uncle (the then-Prince of Wales, future King Edward VIII) but also, a son born to her parents (then Duke and Duchess of York).
Under male-preferred primogeniture, brothers (and their descendants) always precede sisters (and their descendants) in the line to the throne. But it's not the Salic law, which bars females altogether (in fact, females cannot even transmit succession rights to their male descendants in the male line).
Spain and Portugal have also operated under this system: as it is, the present Princess of the Asturias (I'm assuming that this is the title styled by Infanta Leonor) is subject to displacement as first in line to the throne, by the birth of an hypothetical brother. However, she is more likely to be prevented from succeeding by the abolition of the Spanish monarchy, than the event of getting a brother.
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