Does this mean, then, that members of the ducal branch of the house of Wittelsbach actually had rights to the throne? It only stands to reason, given that the empress (born Duchess Elisabeth in Bavaria) would not have been made to renounce something she didn't even have, in the first place ...
Of course, the said branch was genealogically junior to the royal branch, founded by Maximilian I Joseph, the first king of Bavaria. His namesake, Duke Maximilian Joseph in Bavaria, was agnatically a third cousin, once removed (both being male-line descendants of Duke Christian I), but was also a great-nephew (since his sister married Duke Wilhelm, a second cousin, once removed). So his nieces and nephews through her were also third cousins. In the next generation, another *reconciliation* union occurred with the marriage of the king's daughter, Princess Ludovika and Duke Maximilian. They became the parents of Empress Elisabeth.
Second question for clarification: just as members of the ducal branch could not renounce something they didn't have, women likewise could not renounce something they didn't have. I assume, then, that females (even members of the ducal branch) had succession rights to the throne of Bavaria -- correct?
I read somewhere that the law was semi-Salic, meaning that they could succeed if there were no eligible males left (similar to succession in Russia and Saxony). Was this a Wittelsbach house law, or just something in the Bavarian constitution, or both?
I examined the genealogy, and noted that the male-line of the ducal branch has, in fact, become extinct. The present-day head of the said branch was only adopted as the heir of his great-uncle, Duke Ludwig Wilhelm (brother of Duchess Marie Gabrielle, first wife of Crown Prince Rupprecht). But you can't argue with the facts: Max (born in 1937) is not a male-line descendant of his namesake ancestor, Duke Maximilian Joseph (born in 1808).
This means that there is no ducal line to follow the royal line, in the succession to the defunct throne of Bavaria. So in the hypothetical event that the male-line of the royal branch (represented by King Ludwig I, the sole surviving dynastic line of his father, King Maximilian I) became extinct, could succession actually pass to a female?
Of course, this is a highly unlikely event, since the male-line descent of King Ludwig I is still alive and kicking. Interestingly enough, just as the ducal line is extinct in the male line, the junior male lines of the royal branch are also extinct. King Ludwig I was the eldest son born to his father's first marriage: his younger brother, Prince Karl (his only full brother), married morganatically and fathered only daughters. His two half-brothers from his father's second marriage both died in childhood.
And although the male lines through his two elder sons expired a long time ago (his eldest son and successor, King Maximilian II, fathered two sons: both succeeded to the throne, were declared insane and deposed, and died unmarried without issue. His second son got elected King Otto of Greece but was eventually deposed, dying after a childless marriage), those through his younger sons (Luitpold, named Prince Regent of the kingdom, and Prince Adalbert, founder of the "Spanish" branch of the house) survive.
Still, would the female related to the last hypothetical male descendant (whoever that is) of the male line of King Ludwig I (whoever that is) succeed, or would the Bavarian succession actually pass to the house of L÷wenstein?
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