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Re: Karl Ludwig, 3rd Prince of Hohenlohe-Langenburg
User logged in as Johan
Whenever a Catholic Royal married a non-Catholic permission from Rome had to be granted and provisions needed to be stipulated about the faith of their offspring. So it was part of their marriage contract and the negotiations for that. The result is that some negotiated a different deal than others.
When princess Charlotte of Wales broke of her engagement with William, prince of Orange (later to be Willem II of the Netherlands) the Tsar Alexander I offered his sister the Grand Duchess Anna Pavlovna as a wife for William. She would retain her Russian Orthodox faith but the children would be protestant. When Prince Metternich realised that the extended Kingdom of the Netherlands was to be quite important he also offered the hand of either Archiduchess Leopoldine or Archiduchess Clementine for William. The Archiduchess would remain Catholic but children would be Protestant.
In the end Alexander I was the first to make the offer and was not refused. Personally i believe the Austrian offer would have been a better deal as it would have linked the new Orange-Nassau dynasty in the southern part of the kingdom by it's connection to the Habsburg rulers of before. Anna was a good-looking, well educated and wealthy woman but she was also the daughter and granddaughter of men who had been considered mentally unstable (Peter III and Paul I). She passed on those genes to her son William III who according to some was not as balanced mentally as desired either.
The marriage agreement between GDke William of Nassau and Infanta D. Maria Ana of Bragança previewed that the boys would be raised protestant like their father and the girls catholic like their mother.
I suppose that could create a bit of a confusion within the children that might discuss their faith and practices among themselves
I understand that his family was Lutheran, but that two of his daughters married Catholics. What puzzles me is that the daughters of Princess Constance (who married) Franz Joseph Karl Conrad, Prince of Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst) were brought up as Lutherans, while the sons were brought up as Catholics, for reasons that it was the custom in Germany at the time for the sons in a family to be brought up in the religion of the father, while the daughters were brought up in that of their mother.
So if this custom had been followed consistently, the same would have applied to the children of Princess Agnes, who married Constantine Josef, Hereditary Prince of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg. But we all know that their daughter, Princess Adelaide of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg, was brought up as a Catholic -- just like her brother, instead of a Lutheran (like the daughters of her aunt Constance). In fact, she was so devout in her faith that she even took up religious life in the 1890's, after all her children married.
Does anybody know why this was so? Did somehow the custom in Germany change by her time? Or did it have to do with the fact that she and her brother were orphaned early, and were brought up by their paternal grandparents?
I read somewhere that at one time in Germany's history, it became customary for all the children (regardless of gender) of an interfaith union to be raised in the religion of their father, not mother. Indeed, Grace Kelly's mother was born as Margaret Maier to German immigrant parents. Evidently she was raised as a Lutheran, like her father (Carl Maier)-- not Catholic, like her mother (Margaretha Berg).
Of course, she eventually converted to Catholicism at marriage (to John Brendan Kelly, Senior, a son of Irish immigrants). Accordingly, the future Princess Grace of Monaco and her three siblings were all brought up as Catholics.