Others coming to mind are the Duke of Monmouth (the eldest illegitimate son of King Charles II), executed at the hands of his uncle. Like his Tudor predecessors on the English throne, King James VII/II engaged in the practice of beheading his rivals -- those relatives who dared question or contest his claim on the said throne. A nephew by blood was not going to be spared, when other monarchs in history were known to kill even their own CHILDREN for treason or rebellion.
Later on, of course, there was the ill-fated Queen Marie Antoinette of France, consort of King Louis XVI -- both being guillotined in the middle of the so-called Reign of Terror, the height of the French revolution.
Are there other cases?
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