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Re: Queen Mother
User logged in as Gary
Mary was indeed both a queen mother and a queen dowager during the reigns of her sons. Although she was sometimes referred to informally as the queen mother, she was known officially as HM Queen Mary (as opposed to HM The Queen, as she had been previously). She continued to be HM Queen Mary official in the reign of her granddaughter although she was, as you point out, still a queen dowager but no longer the queen mother.
Mary, widow of King George V of the UK became Queen Mother upon the death of her husband and the accession of her son who became Edward Viii. She continued with this title when Edward left and her son Albert took the throne as George VI. When her son George died, his widow, Elizabeth became Queen Mother, thus Mary had to have another title which still indicted that she, too, was a Queen though not regnant. She became, Queen Dowager and the UK and the Commonwealth for several months had 3 queens.
Could the mother of a King be Queen Mother? Could Queen Mary have been known as The Queen Mother?
I believe that has generally been the case, throughout history -- that the mother of a king is a queen mother. Of course, she must also be the widow of a king, which was not the case with Therese of Bavaria. Likewise, neither Paola of the Belgians nor Sofia of Spain is a widow.
Mary could indeed have been styled Queen Mother, had she chosen, as I believe some dowager queens in the past (at least in England) were, as mothers of kings. That was why I was wondering about France.
But of course, this didn't apply to either the dowager Princess of Wales (Augusta, mother of King George III) or the dowager Duchess of Kent (mother of Queen Victoria). The latter, however, tried to style herself thus, whereupon her daughter gently chided her, "No, Mama: you're the queen's mother."
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