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Numbering of the Kings of Hanover
Posted by Gary on 14/10/2019, 0:09:07User logged in as Gary
This is just an observation. A few days ago in the Brothere-in-a-row thread, Damian referred to the consecutive kings of Hanover Georg IV, Wilhelm IV and Ernst August. It occurred to me that in most German monarchies, when the sovereignty was raised from electorate to kingdom (in Prussia, Bavaria, Saxony, Wurtemburg), the regnal numbers of the monarch were "reset" as it were. Thus, for example, Elector Friedrich III of Brandenburg transformed into King Friedrich I in Prussia. Likewise, there were those who objected when his descendant Friedrich III of Prussia also reigned as such even when using his title of kaiser, despite being the first German kaiser of that name.
So I wondered whether George III and George IV were known as Georg I and II in Hanover after it became a kingdom. I have heard of Ernst's son being called George V, but perhaps that was anglophone bias?
So I consulted an Almanach de Gotha from 1860. The roi de Hanovre is listed as George (English spelling, despite the book being in French) V. So it seems that Hanover, perhaps uniquely in Germany, did not reset the numbering of its sovereigns when they became kings rather than electors. I suspect this was due to the fact that they were so much more associated in most of the world with their British sovereignty than there Hanoverian one, but I did find it interesting.