As for Liechtenstein, I realize that Prince Aloys (who married Archduchess Elisabeth Amalia of Austria) was never a son of a reigning prince; he simply was close in line to the throne in a house whose succession was bound by the Salic law. That being said, he was a potential sovereign who would have succeeded, but for his renunciation of rights -- just like Princess Charlotte of Monaco.
So although skipping a generation has typically been the way a prince (who was a direct heir) found himself a son and father of sovereigns, without becoming one himself, there have been flukes impacting royal succession, throughout history. In the house of Bourbon, Grand Dauphin Louis of France unexpectedly found himself the father of a king (Felipe V of Spain) only because that was the resolution to the War of the Spanish succession.
In the UK, the succession passed to collateral lines on several occasions (e.g. the sons of Kings George III and George V), so the prince who got skipped (e.g. the Duke of Kent, who never became king) or potentially got skipped (e.g. the Duke of York, who became King George VI) was not necessarily a direct heir who predeceased his sovereign father.
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