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Re: Clarinet and Flute Beginners
clarinets - I have the formation of embouchure by having them say 'ew, eh'
ew pushes the lips forward and out and eh folds the bottom lip on bottom teeth. For mouthpiece placement I'd visually show them how far a piece of paper slides between the reed and mouthpiece.
I'd make sure they're all on fobes debut mouthpieces and a 2.5 vandoren or d'addario reserve classic. Flatten the chin, firm corners, super fast/cold air. Have them pretend to hold a lollipop in their mouth and by firming the corners and flattening the chin they are stopping someone from taking their lollipop.
I teach bottom lip on bottom teeth and top lip on the mouthpiece. The top teeth must bee on the mouthpiece and it should not move around. I usually try to 'move' the mouthpiece while they are just on barrel/mouthpiece for F#. Lots of call and response back and forth. I use those black patches on all woodwind mouthpieces.
Squeeking or stopping of reed sound is usually caused by them biting into the reed with their teeth.
Flutes I'm pretty weak on myself but I have them keep relaxed and say the word 'poo'. Watch their moisture trail on the headjoint and have them blow across it. I do low, medium, and high sounds on the headjoint by closing the end of the headjoint, opening it, then closing it again and blowing a faster air stream that is more focused.
Most common problem with flutes is an embouchure that is too open. Don't tell them 'Your hole is too big'. They may cry.
You can have them practice with uncooked rice, trying to shoot it out of their lips into a trash can.
I think sax should hit an Ab/G# with mouthpiece/neck, but I'm not 100% confident in that answer. Saxes say the word 'Vo' with hot and mirror fogging air. Keep the bottom lip relaxed and air stream focused down the middle.