While Calvo Sotelo's murder was a major contribution to the nationalist uprising, the targeting of the churches and the grandees merely put into question whether republican Spain would ever be a democratic state based on equality for all, irrespective of their ancestry or faith. The attack on the churches was really stupid because the first constitution guaranteed freedom of religion, but then banned any priests, monks or nuns from teaching (even in private schools), banned all religious processions and substituted them with deliberately hostile public manifestations, confiscated what remained of church property while refusing to pay the subsidy agreed in the 19th century Concordat after the previous confiscations in the 19th century, and stood aside while hundreds of churches and convents were burned (President Aznar saying no convent or church was worth the life of one republican). So while many ordinary Catholics were initially reconciled to the Republic, these actions turned them against it. All protests or demonstrations by Catholics or monarchists (whose HQ was burned down while the police stood and watched), were violently crushed while assaults on them by republicans were ignored. Worryingly one can see the same tendencies today in the speeches of the leaders of Podemos and even perhaps among Catalan nationalists.
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