: Ceuta and Melilla are, today, spanish towns in
: Morocco but they started as colonies in
: northern Africa when it was part of the
: Ottoman empire and ruled by the alauite
: dynasty that still reign in the country.
: The same happened with the spanish Sahara
: that in the 70s was ceded to Morocco or the
: Rif Protectorate that lasted a few decades
: but eventually was returned to Morocco.
: Ceuta and Melilla were conquered by the
: portuguese and spanish.
: Ceuta was conquered by the portuguese in
: 1415 and remained the country's first colony
: until 1640.
: When Portugal regained its independence from
: Spain after the spanish domination
: (1580-1640), Ceuta was the only colony that
: choosed to remain spanish.
: Melilla was conquered in the 16th century
: and was always the object of several wars
: and riots.
: In the 19th century, a treaty between Isabel
: II and the moroccan sultan ruled the status
: of the town.
: Gibraltar was occupied by the british and
: later was ceded by Spain under the treaty of
: Utrecht as compensation after the War of the
: Spanish Succession.
: Olivenša was conquered by the spanish in
: 1801, but, according to the Treaty of Paris
: of 1814 and after the Vienna Congress of
: 1815, Spain had to return Olivenša to
: It never did.
: Two weights and two measures.
« Back to index